Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Caryophyllales > Amaranthaceae > Alternanthera > Alternanthera pungens Kunth. analyzed the economic importance of river vegetation of Kerala and gave the uses of 35 species including bank species apart from the true aquatic/wetland species. Alligatorweed roots readily along waterways and then grows over the water surface as an anchored floating plant. Cultivated occurrences are not mapped. Each species' global rank is determined by NatureServe. Infestation of the mealybug, Hypogeococcus pungens Granara de Willink. Alternanthera achyrantha (L.) R. Brown ex Sweet, var. Phytoneuron 2014-41: 1-42. Facultative. In comparison to other mealybug species, the host range for Hypogeococcus pungens is fairly limited. Reference page. 39(Addenda): Alternanthera no.10. Legal Status. Hassler, M. 2019. CAB International, London, England. Alternanthera achyrantha R. Brown ex Sweet, Hort. Native: indigenous. University of Cantania in Sicily. 1994. & Kit Asteraceae Herb H N 1.29 12 Arundo donax L. Poaceae Herb G Mi 6.05 13 Asparagus adscendens Roxb. Facultative. Hypogeococcus pungens may be a more effective biological control agent for cacti species that are primarily dependent upon seeds for reproduction. To the best of our knowledge Alternanthera pungens, Caesalpinia decapetala, Cinnamomum verum, and Citrullus lanatus are reported for the first time in the treatment of the investigated STIs. Traditional medicine is an important component of the health care system of most developing countries. Obligate Upland. The National Wetland Plant List: 2014 Update of Wetland Ratings. The Australian populations are the result of introduction for the biological control of cacti. (Definitions from: American Heritage Science Dictionary). München 1: 103. The global rank reflects the species worldwide rarity. TYPE: BRAZIL: Without data, Commerson s.n. Hypogeococcus pungens has a very limited host range and appears to be of little economic significance as a pest. Miller D, Rung A, Parikh G, Venable G, Redford AJ, Evans GA, Gill RJ. Alternanthera brasiliana (L.) Kuntze. Photograph by Lyle J. Buss, University of Florida. Gomphrena globosa. Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). leiantha Seubert 1875; Alternanthera pungens Kunth 1818. (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) feeding on Hypogeococcus pungens, but detailed observations on the impact of this species on populations is not provided. Professor of Entomology Department. Any species which is likely to become an endangered species within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range. Examples: Amaranthus (Mar.Chavalai)Leafy vegetable. Pest Status of Weed. Mealybugs and mealybug look-alikes of the Southeastern United States. Alternanthera pungens. Several species are notorious noxious weeds. ). Home Home. These resources are of major economic importance because of their potential for species, and in extinction of endemic rare, an on ... floristic studies acquire increasing importance oping countries to assess their plant wealth ... Alternanthera pungens Kunth. Flowers in clusters, perianth parts 5. Details of these misidentifications are available on ScaleNet with a Hypogeococcus pungens valid name query. Secondary growth in Achyranthes aspera, Alternanthera polygamous, A. pungens, A. sessilis, and A. triandra was achieved by the development of a cambial variant resulting in successive rings of xylem and phloem. Traditional Owners and area of operation The Garawa are the traditional owners of country in the southwest Gulf of Carpentaria: their country covers approximately 30,000 sq km. illegit. Many perennials may not be mature enough to bloom during its first year. Obligate wetland. The mutualistic symbiotic association of a fungus with an alga or a cyanobacterium, or both. This species may be confused with other similar mealybugs, and it is particularly important to report and submit unusual damage in terms of pest frequency or host range to your local diagnostic lab. AG 67, A. viridis, Gomphrena globosa, Portulaca oleracea, sorghum cv. Names of Alternanthera Sessilis in various languages of the world are also given. However, it is used medicinally in Africa and other parts of the world. Introduced in Spain, Western Asia, India to Indochina, China, Malesia, Africa generally, USA, Australia, New Zealand illegit. Perianth segments with sharp pungent points, straw-brown in colour when mature. Significant pest populations of Hypogeococcus pungens rarely occur in Florida. These included A. pungens, C. decapetala, C. papaya, C. roseus, C. verum and O. ficus-indica. A pharmacological evaluation for diuretic activity of the ethanol extract of Alternanthera pungens was carrried out. in Argentina. Economic Importance: Little. 1753. Check other web resources for Alternanthera pungens Kunth : Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS) Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists ; Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University ; TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri … Alternanthera pungens is a creeping, prostrate perennial pioneer plant of the family Amaranthaceae, spreading by seed and vegetatively, with roots often developing at the nodes of spreading stems.A plant of roadsides, path verges and waste places (), it is thought to have come from Central and South America, and to have become … Any correct part of a taxon name can be entered and a choice of the correct one made from the small list of resulting matches. Achyranthes leiantha (Seubert) Standley, J. Wash. Acad. DC. Guin. Fort Collins, CO. Moran VC, Zimmermann HG. equally likely to occur in wetlands or non-wetlands. illegit. ANY - WAP critieria is not taken into consideration, No - Show results without WAP designations, Any - Persisting critieria is not taken into consideration, Yes - Show results with a Persisting value of, No - Show results without Persisting value of. Figure 1. Miller et al. Achyranthes radicans Cavanilles, Anales Ci. Identifying species that appear as waifs or only periodically appear in the flora for a few seasons. Clusters of Hypogeococcus pungens tend to occur at nodal regions of leaves and stems. Background: The ethnic usage of exotics and indigenous problem plants is a highly debated topic, as legislative requirements over-shadow their potential medicinal value, particularly to treat sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The only other species of Hypogeococcus that occurs in Florida is the native Hypogeococcus margaretae Miller. This species is rarely found on cacti in Florida. Veprecula pungens, Woollsia pungens, Philotheca pungens, Compsolechia pungens, Stenanthera pungens, Alternanthera pungens, Pungency, Pungent Stench. Although Hypogeococcus pungens was a successfully biological control agent for pest weeds in Australia and South Africa, limited natural dispersal abilities of Hypogeococcus pungens require constant reintroduction of the mealybug as new infestations of the cacti weed occur. Importance of Early Intervention ll weed management has costs, and these are paid by the community. khaki weed (Alternanthera pungens) _____ 62 agarosiphon (Lagarosiphon major) aW ... due to their invasiveness, economic and environmental impacts. About 75% of the Mariscus alternifolius and 50% of the M. flabelliformis and Solenostemon monostachyus seeds remained viable during a 15-mo burial … Of information for the alga or a cyanobacterium, or Joseph 's coat in! 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Problem species constitute an important component of the world & Kit Asteraceae Herb N! Have shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities in Florida found on cacti in Florida natural Florida.. The distribution of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at the University of Florida Act category I - that! ( 2014 ) also report that Hypogeococcus pungens has a very limited host range appears! This species on populations is not established in Florida a database and images of plants photos herbarium! Medicine is an important component of the Southeastern United States and Canada, A. viridis, Gomphrena globosa, oleracea... Mealybug Hypogeococcus pungens valid name query water, pH, density and sodium concentration were investigated in isotonic loaded... 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be taken if the identified plant is not a troublesome weed and also helps in protecting the weeds of economic importance and conserving the biodiversity. Bot. (2006). The primary available biological work is Suss and Trematerra (1986). Field specimens of Hypogeococcus pungens are sometimes confused with the pink hibiscus mealybug, Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Green), but the potential hosts of Hypogeococcus pungens are more restrictive. 1849. Proper vouchers display all the necessary attributes for complete identification of the plant, and are to be accompanied by accurate locality, habitat, collection time, and collector data. Due to its fairly limited host range, Hypogeococcus pungens was successfully introduced as a biological control agent for the cacti species Eriocereus bonplandii, Eriocereus martini, Eriocereus tortuosus, and Acanthocereus pentago in Australia (McFadyen and Tomley 1981). Occurs in wetlands in another region, but occurs almost always (estimated probability 99%) under natural conditions in non-wetlands in the regions specified. Figure 6. 1817, nom. Slide mounted specimen of Hypogeococcus pungens Granara de Willink. Less than 5% of the species in South America are amphibious with most being me-sophytic or xerophytic. Alternanthera lorentzii Uline, Publ. Although Hypogeococcus pungens was reported occurring on Cactaceae in Italy, subsequent surveys have reported reduced populations (Longo 2009). Achyranthes mucronata Lamarck, Encycl. Significant pest populations of Hypogeococcus pungens rarely occur in Florida. The review would help in further studies on Alternanthera sessilis for exploring its potential in … Also called. Urinary excretion of water, pH, density and sodium concentration were investigated in isotonic saline loaded rats. (U.S.) Source - List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants under the provisions of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended. A species of plants native to the state that are in imminent danger of extinction within the state, the survival of which is unlikely if the causes of a decline in the number of plants continue, and includes all species determined to be endangered or threatened pursuant to the Federal Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended. The best way to use it is to boil the leaves, crush them with a mortar until you form a paste, and then apply it to the boils. Usually, the last letter (or two) of a given genus, a space, and the first few correct letters of the specific epithet will provide a sufficiently short list containing the desired taxon. Alternanthera is a genus of flowering plants in the family Amaranthaceae.It is a widespread genus with most species occurring in the tropical Americas, and others in Asia, Africa, and Australia. Flower colour; life form. Paronychia achyrantha Desfontaines, Tabl. Few are used as food. ex Sweet var. Outer Deep Species. Ser. TYPE: ARGENTINA: Catamarca, Brizuela 713 (holotype: M). leianthaSeub. The authors acknowledge Renato Inserra, FDACS-DPI, for translation of the Suss and Trematerra (1986) manuscript and for communications with Santi Longo, University of Cantania in Sicily, regarding status of Hypogeococcus pungens in Italy. Significant pest populations of Hypogeococcus pungens rarely occur in Florida. Pityranthus crassifolius Martius, Denkschr. Alternanthera achyrantha (L.) R. Br.ex Sweet Alternanthera achyrantha (L.) R. Br. The following identification resources are available for Florida residents: For many mealybug species, natural enemies will often effectively manage populations. Fabaceae Kuruthiadakki Photograph by Lyle J. Buss, University of Florida. Moran and Zimmerman (1991) noted that the inhibition of flowering and fruiting by Eriocereus martini due to Hypogeococcus pungens limited spread of the pest weed. Alternanthera repens(L.) Link. Economic Importance. 1818. BASIONYM: Illecebrum achyrantha Linnaeus 1762, nom. Share. Prior to confirming a diagnosis, scale and mealybug insects (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) generally must be slide-mounted. The aim of the present study was to document herbal medicines used by traditional healers to treat and manage human diseases and ailments by some communities living in Ghana. These ranks carry no legal weight. BASIONYM: Alternanthera pungens Kunth 1818. A hyperparasitoid of Hypogeococcus pungens s. str. Alternanthera pungens khakiweed Alternanthera sessilis sessile joyweed Alternanthera trigyna . Plant species commonly found in the outer deep zone, and designated either FACW or OBL by DEP. Examples: Amaranthus (Mar.Chavalai)Leafy vegetable. One of the unique morphological characteristics about Hypogeococcus pungens is the presence of three circuli (Miller et al. Alligatorweed (Alternanthera philoxeroides [Mart.] primary parasitoid of this mealybug in Catamarca, Argentina (Triapitsyn et al. 1: 820. 1821, non J. F. Gmelin 1791. Alysicarpus monilifer (L.) DC. CS 59 and maize cv. Economic Importance. These plants live for three or more seasons. 0. Wetland Status, Department of Environmental Regulation (DEP): Source - Delineation of the Landward Extent of Wetlands and Surface Waters, Chapter 62-340, Florida Administrative Code. The association between the different organisms in a lichen is so close that lichens are routinely referred to as a single organism, and scientists classify lichens using the name of the fungal component. Hypogeococcus festerianus, the species originally confused with Hypogeococcus pungens, has only one circulus. Bras. At least 161 species have been declared as exotics, and cause serious problems in natural and semi-natural systems 1, impacting on approximately 80% of the country 2, or roughly 20 million hectares.. Institute for Systematic Botany, University of South Florida, Tampa. Hypogeococcus pungens or a cryptic species that is currently identified as H. pungens attacks cacti and poses a threat to cacti in California, both rare, native species as well as those cultivated as ornamentals in nurseries. Alternanthera pungens Kunth, forma pauciflora Suessenguth, Mitt. Potential of Alternanthera pungens HB&K Savita Jakhar and Pushpa Dahiya* Department of Botany, Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak, Haryana, India Abstract: Aim: The present study was undertaken to explore the medicinal potential of Alternanthera pungens by investigating its antimicrobial, antioxidant activities … Flooding promotes germination of seeds of Sphaeranthus indicus (Shetty, 1967) and Panicum laxum (Cole, 1977) but inhibits germination of Alternanthera pungens (Kaul, 1972). FLEPPC: Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, DEP: Department of Environmental Protection, Filter by County - Counties to Include - ANY versus ALL, Filter by County - Counties to Exclude - ANY versus ALL. ; Achyranthes repens Linnaeus 1753. 43 Alternanthera pungens H. B & K. 17 Bergia capensis L. 44 Alternanthera sessilis (L.) DC. Accessed: 2019 Oct. 18. TYPE: VENEZUELA: Orinoco, Humboldt & Bonpland s.n. 2: 206. Nat. Significant pest populations of Hypogeococcus pungens rarely occur in Florida. Leaves opposite. (2014) also report that Hypogeococcus pungens has been intercepted on the roots of Cactaceae. Soc. Scale Insects, Edition 2, USDA APHIS Identification Technology Program (ITP). Populations of Hypogeococcus pungens were found both on roots and host leaves or stems. (holotype: P). Amaranthaceae Otturamul 16. Non-native: introduced (intentionally or unintentionally); has become naturalized. 2014a [as Prochiloneurus sp. Hypogeococcus pungens is native to South America and was described by Granara de Willink (1981). leiantha Seubert, in Martius, Fl. McFadyen RE, Tomley AJ. Alternanthera echinata Smith, in Rees, Cycl. Alt. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. A voucher may be a record of a plant's occurrence in a particular area, or a specific example of a plant used in a scientific investigation. Very little biological or life history information is available specifically for this species. 1915. Mealybug populations may also be controlled by horticultural oil applications, but natural enemy populations may be adversely impacted by this as well. Economic Importance: Little. In zone 2, the signals of Myrtoideae are high. Although Hypogeococcus pungens was reported occurring on Cactaceae in Italy, subsequent surveys have … Figure 2. Alternanthera sessilis commonly known as ‘sessile joy weed’ or ‘dwarf copperleaf’ is found throughout the hotter parts of India up to an altitude of 1200 m 2.In Assam, the plant has been traditionally used in the treatment of jaundice along with other ailments. The only known host for Hypogeococcus margaretae is the hatpin plant, Eriocaulon decangulare, and it has only been reported from St. Lucie and Indian River Counties in Florida. Photograph by Greg Hodges, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry. It is therefore advisable that these plants should be protected from going into extinction so that all would not be lost due to developmental activities. (Research Article, Report) by "Evidence - Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine"; Health care industry Developing countries Surveys Care and treatment Drugs Usage Herbal medicine Knowledge Medicinal plants Medicine, … 15 Barleria prionitis L. 42 Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) München 1: 68. Mealybugs of Central and South America. Wunderlin, R. P., B. F. Hansen, A. R. Franck, and F. B. Essig. 1875. In contrast to the vascular plants, the gametophyte (haploid) generation of bryophytes constitutes the larger plant form, while the small sporophyte (diploid) generation grows on or within the gametophyte and depends upon it for nutrition. 19 Transition Species. Photograph by Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry. 1981. Alternanthera pungens Kunth is a creeping, prostrate perennial pioneer plant of the Amaranthaceae family, spreading by seed and vegetatively, with roots often developing at the nodes of spreading stems. Listed as Threatened Plants in the Preservation of Native Flora of Florida Act. Achyranthus aspera (Aghada) Besides the infestations that are under eradication, this mealybug is not known to be … Celosia echinata Willdenow ex Schultes, in Roemer & Schultes, Syst. 1950. Adult male (dorsal view) and nymphs of the mealybug Hypogeococcus pungens Granara de Willink. Hypogeococcus pungens produce large amounts of wax and often form feeding clusters at nodal regions of host plants. Alternanthera pungens. 635 pp. Conclusion: Exotic and indigenous problem species constitute an important component of the … General information about Alternanthera pungens (ALRRE) Mexico, South America. timated 170 species of Alternanthera in the Western Hemisphere with 120 species in South America alone (Vogt et al., 1979). Hist. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at participating herbaria. Reports of Hypogeococcus pungens in the U.S. include Florida (1984) and Hawaii (2005). For example, matching the full name exactly in a Scientific Name search for Piptochaetium avenacioides may be difficult, but strings of either tium aven or avenaci or m avenac or pipto will all result in very small lists of matches. View a List of All Ecological Communities, For more information, contact: Richard Wunderlin or Bruce Hansen, or Alan Franck, © 2020 Institute for Systematic Botany | Data last modified: 12/11/2020, A member of the University of South Florida family of PlantAtlas.org websites. Follow. École Bot. The present study deals with the comprehensive list of invasive alien plants (IAPs) of Rourkela Steel City, Sundargarh, Odisha, with background information on family, habit, and nativity. Celosia argentea:spikes attract butterflies,Tender shoots are cooked and eaten Alternanthera tenella and A.sessilis are common weeds. 16 Bergia ammannioides Hayne ex Roth. A voucher specimen is a pressed and thoroughly dried plant sample deposited in a herbarium, and is intended to be a permanent record supporting research purposes. Photograph by Lyle J. Buss, University of Florida. The body shape is oval to round, and more round than other pinkish-colored mealybugs (Hodges et al. Griseb.) 1818. 1785, nom. Significant pest populations of Hypogeococcus pungens rarely occur in Florida. For example, a farmer is likely to place a higher emphasis on the impact of a plant on production (economic resource) than its impact on areas of natural vegetation occurring on … Longo S. (2009). Wiss. Perennial wildflowers re-grow each season from overwinter root material. Illecebrum pungens (Kunth) Sprengel, Syst. Plant species commonly found in the deep zone, and designated either FAC or OBL by DEP. Alligator weed (Alternanthera philoxeroides) is already an important environmental weed in New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland, and is seen as a potentially significant environmental weed in many other parts of Australia. This species has also been introduced into South Africa for the control of Eriocereus martini (Moran and Zimmermann 1991). Introduction. 2. Defined as species of plants native to the state that are in rapid decline in the number of plants within the state, but which have not so decreased in such number as to cause them to be endangered. Flooding promotes germination of seeds of Sphaeranthus indicus (Shetty, 1967) and Panicum laxum (Cole, 1977) but inhibits germination of Alternanthera pungens (Kaul, 1972). To the best of our knowledge Alternanthera pungens, Caesalpinia decapetala, Cinnamomum verum, and Citrullus lanatus are reported for the first time in the treatment of the investigated STIs. Alternanthera pungens Kunth Accepted name Kakiedubbeltjie (Afrikaans) Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Caryophyllales > Amaranthaceae > Alternanthera > Alternanthera pungens Kunth. analyzed the economic importance of river vegetation of Kerala and gave the uses of 35 species including bank species apart from the true aquatic/wetland species. Alligatorweed roots readily along waterways and then grows over the water surface as an anchored floating plant. Cultivated occurrences are not mapped. Each species' global rank is determined by NatureServe. Infestation of the mealybug, Hypogeococcus pungens Granara de Willink. Alternanthera achyrantha (L.) R. Brown ex Sweet, var. Phytoneuron 2014-41: 1-42. Facultative. In comparison to other mealybug species, the host range for Hypogeococcus pungens is fairly limited. Reference page. 39(Addenda): Alternanthera no.10. Legal Status. Hassler, M. 2019. CAB International, London, England. Alternanthera achyrantha R. Brown ex Sweet, Hort. Native: indigenous. University of Cantania in Sicily. 1994. & Kit Asteraceae Herb H N 1.29 12 Arundo donax L. Poaceae Herb G Mi 6.05 13 Asparagus adscendens Roxb. Facultative. Hypogeococcus pungens may be a more effective biological control agent for cacti species that are primarily dependent upon seeds for reproduction. To the best of our knowledge Alternanthera pungens, Caesalpinia decapetala, Cinnamomum verum, and Citrullus lanatus are reported for the first time in the treatment of the investigated STIs. Traditional medicine is an important component of the health care system of most developing countries. Obligate Upland. The National Wetland Plant List: 2014 Update of Wetland Ratings. The Australian populations are the result of introduction for the biological control of cacti. (Definitions from: American Heritage Science Dictionary). München 1: 103. The global rank reflects the species worldwide rarity. TYPE: BRAZIL: Without data, Commerson s.n. Hypogeococcus pungens has a very limited host range and appears to be of little economic significance as a pest. Miller D, Rung A, Parikh G, Venable G, Redford AJ, Evans GA, Gill RJ. Alternanthera brasiliana (L.) Kuntze. Photograph by Lyle J. Buss, University of Florida. Gomphrena globosa. Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). leiantha Seubert 1875; Alternanthera pungens Kunth 1818. (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) feeding on Hypogeococcus pungens, but detailed observations on the impact of this species on populations is not provided. Professor of Entomology Department. Any species which is likely to become an endangered species within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range. Examples: Amaranthus (Mar.Chavalai)Leafy vegetable. Pest Status of Weed. Mealybugs and mealybug look-alikes of the Southeastern United States. Alternanthera pungens. Several species are notorious noxious weeds. ). Home Home. These resources are of major economic importance because of their potential for species, and in extinction of endemic rare, an on ... floristic studies acquire increasing importance oping countries to assess their plant wealth ... Alternanthera pungens Kunth. Flowers in clusters, perianth parts 5. Details of these misidentifications are available on ScaleNet with a Hypogeococcus pungens valid name query. Secondary growth in Achyranthes aspera, Alternanthera polygamous, A. pungens, A. sessilis, and A. triandra was achieved by the development of a cambial variant resulting in successive rings of xylem and phloem. Traditional Owners and area of operation The Garawa are the traditional owners of country in the southwest Gulf of Carpentaria: their country covers approximately 30,000 sq km. illegit. Many perennials may not be mature enough to bloom during its first year. Obligate wetland. The mutualistic symbiotic association of a fungus with an alga or a cyanobacterium, or both. This species may be confused with other similar mealybugs, and it is particularly important to report and submit unusual damage in terms of pest frequency or host range to your local diagnostic lab. AG 67, A. viridis, Gomphrena globosa, Portulaca oleracea, sorghum cv. Names of Alternanthera Sessilis in various languages of the world are also given. However, it is used medicinally in Africa and other parts of the world. Introduced in Spain, Western Asia, India to Indochina, China, Malesia, Africa generally, USA, Australia, New Zealand illegit. Perianth segments with sharp pungent points, straw-brown in colour when mature. Significant pest populations of Hypogeococcus pungens rarely occur in Florida. These included A. pungens, C. decapetala, C. papaya, C. roseus, C. verum and O. ficus-indica. A pharmacological evaluation for diuretic activity of the ethanol extract of Alternanthera pungens was carrried out. in Argentina. Economic Importance: Little. 1753. Check other web resources for Alternanthera pungens Kunth : Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS) Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists ; Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University ; TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri … Alternanthera pungens is a creeping, prostrate perennial pioneer plant of the family Amaranthaceae, spreading by seed and vegetatively, with roots often developing at the nodes of spreading stems.A plant of roadsides, path verges and waste places (), it is thought to have come from Central and South America, and to have become … Any correct part of a taxon name can be entered and a choice of the correct one made from the small list of resulting matches. Achyranthes leiantha (Seubert) Standley, J. Wash. Acad. DC. Guin. Fort Collins, CO. Moran VC, Zimmermann HG. equally likely to occur in wetlands or non-wetlands. illegit. ANY - WAP critieria is not taken into consideration, No - Show results without WAP designations, Any - Persisting critieria is not taken into consideration, Yes - Show results with a Persisting value of, No - Show results without Persisting value of. Figure 1. Miller et al. Achyranthes radicans Cavanilles, Anales Ci. Identifying species that appear as waifs or only periodically appear in the flora for a few seasons. Clusters of Hypogeococcus pungens tend to occur at nodal regions of leaves and stems. Background: The ethnic usage of exotics and indigenous problem plants is a highly debated topic, as legislative requirements over-shadow their potential medicinal value, particularly to treat sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The only other species of Hypogeococcus that occurs in Florida is the native Hypogeococcus margaretae Miller. This species is rarely found on cacti in Florida. Veprecula pungens, Woollsia pungens, Philotheca pungens, Compsolechia pungens, Stenanthera pungens, Alternanthera pungens, Pungency, Pungent Stench. Although Hypogeococcus pungens was a successfully biological control agent for pest weeds in Australia and South Africa, limited natural dispersal abilities of Hypogeococcus pungens require constant reintroduction of the mealybug as new infestations of the cacti weed occur. Importance of Early Intervention ll weed management has costs, and these are paid by the community. khaki weed (Alternanthera pungens) _____ 62 agarosiphon (Lagarosiphon major) aW ... due to their invasiveness, economic and environmental impacts. About 75% of the Mariscus alternifolius and 50% of the M. flabelliformis and Solenostemon monostachyus seeds remained viable during a 15-mo burial … Of information for the alga or a cyanobacterium, or Joseph 's coat in! 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